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Learn Kannada
Learn Kannada
The Kannada language is the official language of the state and is the native language of approximately 65% of Karnataka's population.Kannada played a crucial role in the creation of Karnataka since linguistic demographics was a major criterion chosen to create the state in 1956. Tulu, Kodava Takk and Konkani are other major native languages that share a long history in the state. Urdu is spoken widely by the Muslim population. Less widely spoken languages include Beary bashe and certain dialects such as Sankethi. Kannada features a rich and ancient body of literature covering topics as diverse as Jainism, Vachanas, and Haridasa Sahitya. Evidence from edicts during the time of Ashoka the Great suggest that the Kannada script and its literature were influenced by Buddhist literature. The Halmidi inscription, the earliest attested full-length inscription in the Kannada language and script, is dated to 450 CE while the earliest available literary work, the Kavirajamarga, has been dated to 850 CE. References made in the Kavirajamarga, however, prove that Kannada literature flourished in the Chattana, Beddande and Melvadu metres during earlier centuries

Kuvempu, the renowned Kannada poet and writer who wrote Jaya Bharata Jananiya Tanujate, the state anthem of Karnataka[92] was the first recipient of the "Karnataka Ratna" award, the highest civilian award bestowed by the Government of Karnataka. Contemporary Kannada literature is well recognized in the arena of Indian literature, with seven Kannada writers winning India 's highest literary honour, the Jnanpith award, which is the highest for any language in India . Tulu is spoken mainly in the coastal districts of Udupi and Dakshina Kannada. Tulu Mahabharato, written by Arunabja in Tulu script, is the oldest surviving Tulu text.The Tulu language now uses the Kannada script due to the gradual decline of the Tulu script, which was in use until a few centuries ago. The Kodavas who mainly reside in the Kodagu district, speak Kodava Takk. Two regional variations of the language exist, the northern Mendale Takka and the southern Kiggaati Takka.Konkani is mostly spoken in the Uttara Kannada district and in some parts of the Udupi and Dakshina Kannada districts. Both Kodava Takk and Konkani use the Kannada script for writing. English is the medium of education in many schools and widely used for business communication in technology-related companies and BPOs.

All of the state's languages are patronised and promoted by governmental and quasi-governmental bodies. The Kannada Sahitya Parishat and the Kannada Sahitya Akademi are responsible for the promotion of Kannada while the Karnataka Konkani Sahitya Akademi, The Tulu Sahitya Akademi and the Kodava Sahitya Akademi promote their respective languages.
Kannada alphabet   Kannada

Origin

The Kannada alphabet developed from the Kadamba and Calukya scripts, descendents of Brahmi which were used between the 5th and 7th centuries AD. These scripts developed into the Old Kannada script, which by about 1500 had morphed into the Kannada and Telugu scripts. Under the influence of Christian missionary organizations, Kannada and Telugu scripts were standardized at the beginning of the 19th century.

Notable features

  • Kannada is a alphasyllabary in which all consonants have an inherent vowel. Other vowels are indicated with diacritics, which can appear above, below, before or after the consonants.
  • When they appear the the beginning of a syllable, vowels are written as independent letters.
  • When consonants appear together without intervening vowels, the second consonant is written as a special conjunt symbol, usually below the first.

Used to write:

Kannada or Canarese, the official language of the southern Indian state of Karnataka. Kannada is a Dravidian language spoken by about 44 million people in the Indian states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra .

Vowels

Kannada vowels and vowel diacritics

Consonants

Kannada consonants

A selection of conjunct consonants

A selection of Kannada conjunct consonants

Numerals

Kannada numerals and numbers

Sample text in Kannada

Sample text in Kannada

Transliteration

Ella manavaru svatantraragiye janisiddare. Hagu ghanate mattu hakku gaalli samanaragiddare. Viveka mattu antakara aga annu pa edavaraddarinda avaru paraspara sahodara bhavadinda vartisabeku.

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.


GREETINGS

HELLO  

»

  NAMASKARA

THANK YOU VERY MUCH  

»

  THUMBA DHANYAVADAGALU

GOODBYE  

»

  HOGI BARUTHEENE

HOW ARE YOU ?  

»

  NEEVU HEGIDHEERA?

FINE THANK YOU  

»

  CHENNAGIDHENE DHANYAVADAGALU

WELCOME  

»

  SUSVAGATHA

I LOVE BANGALORE   

»

  NAANU BENGALOORANNU PREETHISUTHENE

BANGALORE IS BEAUTIFUL  

»

  BENGALOORU SUNDARAVAGIDHE

HEARTY CONGRATULATIONS  

»

  HRUDHAYAPURVAKA SHUBHASHAYAGALU

YOU ARE BEAUTIFUL!  

»

  NEEVU SUNDARAVAGIDHIRI


INTRODUCTION

MY NAME IS....  

»

  NANNA HESARU...

I AM A...(PROFESSION)  

»

  NANNA UDYOGA...

I AM FROM....(PLACE OF ORIGIN)  

»

  NAANU...OORINAVANU

HAPPY TO MEET YOU   

»

  NIMMANNU BETI MADI SANTOSHAVAYITHU

YES  

»

  HOWDHU

NO  

»

  ILLA

SORRY, I'M LATE  

»

  KSHAMISI THADA AAYITHU

ENQUIRY

WHAT IS YOUR NAME ?  

»

  NIMMA HESARU YENU?

HOW DO I GO THERE?  

»

  ALLIGE NAANU HEGE HOGUVUDHU?

HOW MUCH IS THIS?  

»

  IDHU YESHTU?

WHERE IS YOUR HOUSE?  

»

  NIMMA MANE ELLI IDHE?

WHERE IS THE NEAREST POLICE STATION ?  

»

  HATHIRADHA POLICE STATION YELLI IDHE?

WHERE CAN I GO SHOPPING ?  

»

  NAANU SHOPPING MADALU YELLI HOGA BEKU

CAN YOU HELP ME ?  

»

  NANAGE SAHAYA MADUTHEERA?

WHAT ARE YOU DOING ?  

»

  NEEVU YENU MADUTHIDHEERA?

WOULD YOU JOIN ME FOR LUNCH TODAY ?  

»

  EEVATHU NANNA JOTHE OOTA MADUVIRA?

HOW DO I GO TO THE AIRPORT ?  

»

  NAANU VIMANANILDHANA KE HEGE HOGUVUDHU?

WHAT ARE THE TOURISTS SPOTS AROUND ?  

»

  SUTHHA MUTHHALINA TOURIST SPOTUGALU    YAVUDHU?

WHERE SHALL WE MEET ?  

»

  NAAVU YELLI BETI AAGONA?

WAS THERE A CALL FOR ME?  

»

  NANAGE YARAADHARU DURAVANI KARE MADIDHARA?

WHERE CAN I MAKE A PHONE CALL?  

»

  DURAVANI KARE YELLI MADA BAHDHU?

DIRECTIONS

I WANT TO GO TO...  

»

  NAANU....HOGABEKU

I HAVE LOST MY WAY  

»

  NAANU DHARI THAPPIDHINI

STRAIGHT AHEAD  

»

  NERAVAGI MUNDHE

GO TO THE LEFT  

»

  EDAGADE HOGI

GO TO THE RIGHT  

»

  BALAGADE HOGI

OPPOSITE  

»

  YEDHURUGADE

 

GENERAL

PLEASE  

»

  DAYAVITTU

SORRY  

»

  KSHAMISI

I WILL COME BACK  

»

  NAANU VAPAS BARUTHENE

I WANT IT  

»

  IDHU NANEGE BEKU

I DON'T WANT IT  

»

  IDHU NANEGE BEDA

THIS IS GOOD  

»

  IDHU CHENNAGIDHE

LET US GO  

»

  HOGONA

COME TOMORROW  

»

  NAALE BANNI

GET ME A GLASS OF WATER  

»

  NANAGE ONDHU LOTA NEERU KODI

I WANT TO TRY AGAIN  

»

  NAANU MATTHE PRAYATHNISUVE

I'II MEET YOU AT IN THE EVENING  

»

  NAANU SANJE BETI MADUVE

PLEASE WAIT UNTILL I AM BACK  

»

  NAANU BARUVAVAREGE KAADHIRI

THE WEATHER IS PLEASANT HERE  

»

  ILLINA HAVAMAANA CHENNAGHIDHE

DRIVE SLOWLY  

»

  NIDHAANAVAGI VAHANA CHALAYISI

PACK THESE THINGS  

»

  EE SAAMAANUGALANNU PACK MAADI


I

Nanu

He

Avanu

She

Avalu

You

Neenu

It

Adu

This

Idu

That

Adu

A

vandhu

Mother

Thaayi/amma

Father

Appa/thandhe.

Come(You come)

Baa

Came

Baandha(male) /Banhalu(female)

Will come

Baaruthare

Open

Bhichu

Opened

Bhichidhe

Will open

Bhichabeku

Sit

Kuthko/ Kulithuko

Walk

Nadee

Eat

Thinnu

Drink

Kudee

Win

Gellu

Go

Hogu/Horadu

Run

Odu

I go

Nanu hoguthene

He goes

Avanu hoguthane

He eats an apple

Avanu sebu(apple) thinuthane

He is eating an apple

Avanu sebu thinnuthidhane

He ate an apple

Avanu sebu thindhanu

I saw the film last week

Nanu hodha wara picture/ chalanachitra nodidhanu

She came by bus yesterday

Avalu ninne businalli bandhalu

They went to the mosque

Avaru masidhi/darga ge hodharu

He slept the whole night

Avanu eedi raatri malaghidhanu

He wrote well in the examination

Avanu pariksheyalli chennaghi madidhanu/

 

Avanu pariksheyalli chennaghi baredhanu

He has eaten

Avanu thindhidhane

He will eat

Avanu thinnuthane

He will go

Avanu hoguthane

He will come

Avanu baruthane

What is your name?

Ninna hesarenu?/ Ninna hesaru yenu?

What

Yenu?

Your

Ninna

Name

Hesaru

What did you do?

Neenu yenu maduthiya?

What should I do?

Nanu yenu madabeku?

What can I do?

Nanu yenu madabhahudhu?/ nanu yenu madaballe

What are the questions?

Yenu prashnegalu?

What were the questions?

Yenu prashnegaliddhavu?

What is the last question?

Koneya prashne yenu?

What is written in the letter?

Pattradhalli/Kaagadhadalli yenu baredhidhe?

What you had been told?

Ninege yenu hellalaghithu?

What will be the answer?

Uttara yenirabhahudhu?

Why did you come?

Neenu yaake bandhe?

Why did you sleep?

Neenu yaake malaghidhe?

Why did you tell him to go?

Neenu avanige yakee hoghalikke hellidhe?

Why did he bring the bag?

Avanu yaake cheela thandhanu?

Why did she pay the money?

Avalu yakee dhuddu kottalu?

Why did they sit there?

Avaru alli yakee kootharu?

Why do you drive the car?

Neenu gaadi yakee biduthiya?/

 

Neenu yakee gaadi chalayisuthiya?

Why are they late for the meeting?

Avaru meetingige yaake thadavadharu?

How did you come?

Neenu hege bandhe?

How did you sleep?

Neenu hege malaghidhe?

How did you drive?

Neenu hege gaadi chalayisidhe?.

How did you write?

Neenu hege baredhe?

How many apples are there in my hand?

Nanna kaiyalli yestu sebu idde?

How many did you take?

Neenu yestu  thagedhukonde?

How much did he pay you?

Avanu ninage yestu hana kottanu?

How much distance to go?

Yestu doora hoghabheku?

How was the journey yesterday?

Ninneya prayana heghithu?

Which way did you come?

Neenu yaava daariyalli bandhe?

Which is your favourite colour?

Ninna istavadha banna yavudhu?/

 

ninege yava banna ista?

In which room did you sleep?

Neenu yava koneyalli malaghidhe?

Which story did you tell?

Neenu yava khathe helidhe?

Which is the sweetest fruit?

Yallakintha saviyatha hannu yavudhu?

Which is the best newspaper in Hindi?

Hindiya yava patrike sarvashresta?

Which Indian state has the largest population?

Bharatha deshada yava rajyadalli jasti janasankye?

Where did you come from?

Neenu yellindha bandhe?/ ninna ooru yavadhu?

Where did you sleep?

Neenu yelli malaghidhe?

Where is the manager's cabin?

Managerina kone yavudhu?

Where should I go?

Nanu yellige hogabeku?

Whom should I contact?

Nanu yaranna samparkisabeku?

Is it a book?

Idu pustakava?/ idu pustaka naa?

It is a book

Ide pustaka/ ide pustaka

Is it the answer?

Idu uttarana?

It is the answer

Ide uttara

Will you come with me?

Neenu nanna joteghe baaruthiya?

I shall come with you.

Naanu ninna jotege barythene

Will you give me your pen?

Ninna pennu/ kalam nanage koduthiya?

Yes, of course.

Avashyavaghi koduthene

Do you love me?

Neenu nannannu preethisuthiya?

Yes, I love you.

Hovadhu naanu ninna preethisuthene

Can you give me your pen?

Nanege ninna penana kodabhahudha?/

 

Ninna kalam nanaghe koduthiya?

Can you lift the box?

Neenu dabbiyanna yethe balliya?/

 

Ninindha dabbi yathellu sadhyava?

Can you write the exam?

Ninindha parikshe bariyalu sadyana?

Did you have your lunch?

Oota madhidheya?/ oota aayitha?

How are you?

Hegiddhiya?/ Neenu heghiddhiya?

I am fine

Nanu chenagiddene.




 
       
     
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